Cyber bullying 


Cyber space is an unknown place. People can be anyone they like, because they can remain anonymous. People can wear different masks and pretend to be someone they are not. In such a world misusers simply can do what they want and those who don’t have enough information are the potential victims.

What is cyber bullying? and Who are the main targets of Cyber bullying?

Cyber bullying is creating negative effects on a persons mind. This action is misusing the lack of knowledge, over-trusting, and innocence of people. Mostly children are the victims of cyber bullying. They give out information and they open their hearts to strangers. Their lack of knowledge causes lots of problems for them. A child can be simply deceived and may do what shouldn’t be done. 

Effects of cyber bullying:

Stress, suffering, humiliation and contempt. 

Causes of cyber bullying:

Finding friend and socializing is a basic need of every human being. Mostly children who feel lonely are the victims of cyber bullying. They don’t have lots of friends or they do not feel comfortable talking to their parents or parents are busy and not around.  There are so many issues here to be mentioned, there are lots of cases to be studied and focused upon.

Forms of cyber-bullying behavior that can be carried out on SNSs 


Various types of activities can be seen as form of cyber-bullying. Early identification of each of these types might lead to an effective surfacing of negative impact to the victims: 

Flaming: Online fights using electronic messages with angry and vulgar language. 

Harassment: For example, repeatedly sending hurtful or cruel and insulting messages; gaining access to another’s username and password in order to send inappropriate messages to friends’ lists. 

Denigration: Setting up accounts pretending to be people in order to humiliate them; sending or posting gossip or rumours about a person to damage his or her reputation or friendships, e.g., the creation of ‘Hate’ websites, the posting of jokes, cartoons, gossip and rumours, all directed at a specific victim; posting harmful, untrue and/or cruel statements or pictures, and inviting others to do the same, or to comment on them. 

Impersonation: Pretending to be someone else and sending or posting material to get that person in trouble, put them in danger or to damage their reputation or friendships. 

Outing: Sharing someone’s secrets or publishing embarrassing information or images online. 

Trickery: Talking someone into revealing secrets or embarrassing information, then sharing it online. 

Exclusion: Intentionally and cruelly excluding someone from an online group, for example, a group of offline friends deciding to ignore a specific individual as a form of punishment. 

Stalking: Typically linked to a problematic intimate relationship, repeated, intense harassment and denigration that includes threats or creates significant fear. 

Threatening behaviour: Either direct or indirect. 


Source: European Network and Information Security Agency